In the world of animal eyes, as in most other aspects of life, dogs are considered a little below average. They’re near the bottom of the barrel when it comes to eyesight. They can see colours and shapes, but they have difficulty seeing details or objects far away.
Dogs with cloudy eyes may be suffering from several conditions, including injury or infection. Dogs who suffer from chronic medical conditions such as glaucoma may also experience cloudiness in their eyes because the buildup of fluid creates pressure on their eyeballs, leading to inflammation and scarring. Older animals will often develop cataracts due to age-related changes in lens structure, which cause cells to clump together, making vision hazy.
Related read: 6 Proven Ways to Prevent Dog Eye Infection
Injury or damage to a dog’s eye can cause scarring and cloudiness. This could be caused by a fungal infection, ulcers on the cornea, which heal over creating scars, or an injury sustained while playing with other dogs. If you suspect your dog has been injured in his eyes, immediately take him to the vet for a checkup.
If your dog’s eyes are cloudy and he’s not suffering from any of the conditions listed above, it’s most likely that his eyes are just developing cataracts as he gets older. This is entirely normal and nothing to be worried about unless it starts affecting your dog’s everyday life.
Cloudy eyes can also be caused by the toxins in certain species of toad. If your dog is exposed to a toad, be sure you clean it up immediately and apply a compress made from diluted hydrogen peroxide and baking soda. Keep using this treatment until you see no more bubbles, which will indicate that all of the toxins has been removed.
Some breeds, especially flat-nosed breeds, are more prone to eye problems. Many of them have a “spectacles” or “spectacle” gene that causes eyes to become cloudy at an early age to protect against sun glare and fever damage. If your dog has this gene and his eyes start looking cloudy, there isn’t much you can do about it. Just be aware that your dog is at an increased risk of developing cataracts and other eye problems as he ages.
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This gene, however, is not limited to purebred dogs. All dogs with the dominant form of this gene (such as chihuahuas) will develop cloudiness in their eyes at a young age.
Your dog’s eyes may appear cloudy in some cases, but that doesn’t mean he has an eye problem. Just because your dog’s eyes are cloudy does not mean it’s anything serious. The cloudiness caused by ageing is entirely harmless and permanent. Your dog may need to wear protective goggles when he plays outside to keep his eyes safe.
If your dog’s eyes are cloudy, it may be due to age-related clouding of the lens or cornea, cataracts caused by an injury, glaucoma, another medical condition, or toxin exposure. If there is no sign of injury or illness, then cloudiness in your dog’s eyes is most likely due to the “spectacle” gene that causes cataracts at a young age.
The Solution for a Dog’s Cloudy Eyes
The only solution for a dog’s cloudy eyes is surgical removal. Surgery to clear away the scar tissue or remove cataracts without damaging the sight-giving retina is possible, but surgery can be expensive. Ask your vet about alternatives before making any decisions.
If the “spectacle” gene causes your dog’s cloudy eyes, there isn’t much you can do.
Some Preventative Measures for Dogs with Clouded Eyes
Vaccinations are an essential part of preventing common dog illnesses, including rabies. Ensure your dog is current on his vaccinations and stays updated with his boosters to help prevent canine diseases.
Don’t let your dog run around without supervision, especially if he has a short snout or flat face, which can cause sun glare and make it difficult for him to see. If you go out for a walk with your dog, be sure there is proper shade available and make sure he wears protective goggles to avoid damage to his eyes.
Cloudiness in a dog’s eyes is always an unpleasant sight, but fortunately, there are many ways to prevent it. Before you panic about your pet’s cloudy eye condition, take the time to identify what caused his cloudy appearance and then apply one of these solutions accordingly. If surgery seems like the only option left for your pup with severe cataracts or other medical conditions affecting his vision, consider whether they’re worth it before making any decision. We hope this article has helped clear up some confusion on canine eye issues!
“Cloudiness in a Dog’s Eyes.” N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2017.
Acharya, Sushil K., and Yadhu Bhatta Acharya. “Types of Cloudy Eyes in Dogs.” American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists Small Animal Eye Disease Course 2016, n.p., 17 Oct. 2016, https://www.acvo-cveoedc2016-coursematerials.org/system/files/pages/animal%20eye%20assessment%20-%201_cloudy_eyes_in_dogs2016_-_presentation1_-_sdacharya_-_october_17th,-2016_-_2pm_final_.pdf.pdf.
“Breed Predispositions to Disease in Dogs and Cats.” The Animal Health Trust, www.aht.org.uk/breeds/predisposed-to/.
“Canine Eye Problems – CERF Home Page.” Canine Eye Problems – CERF Home Page | UC Davis, University of California, Davis, Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, www.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/eye/cerf-home-page.html.
“Dr. Jones’ Genetic Eye Diseases in Dogs.” Dr. Jones’ Genetic Eye Diseases in Dogs | CERF – Canine Eye Registry Foundation, www.vmdb.org/drdjones.
“Glaucoma in Dogs.” Eye Care for Dogs | American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists, acvo.org/eye-care-for-dogs/.